President Of India

The President is the head of state of India. He is the first citizen of India and a symbol of unity, integrity and strength of the nation. The executive power of the Union is vested in the President and he exercises it either by himself or by the officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution. The President is the supreme commander of the country’s armies.

     The President of India (IAST: President of India) is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the nominal head of the executive, [A] the first citizen of the country, as well as the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. Rajendra Prasad, Indian politician, lawyer and journalist who was the first President of the Republic of India (born December 3, 1884, Jeradei, and-died February 28, 1963, Patna), died tenure (1950–62). [B] Draupadi Murmu is the 15th and current President, having assumed office with effect from 25 July 2022. who is the president of india

     The office of the President was created when India officially became a republic on 26 January 1950, after gaining independence on 15 August 1947, when its constitution came into force. The President is elected indirectly by an electoral college consisting of both the Houses of the Parliament of India and the Legislative Assemblies of each of the states and territories of India, which are themselves directly elected by the citizens.

     Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the President may exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority (with certain exceptions), although all executive powers vested in the President are, in practice, exercised by the Prime Minister ( a subordinate authority) on the advice of cabinet ministers. [3] The President is bound by the Constitution to act on the advice of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, as long as the advice does not violate the Constitution.

Oath of President

The oath or affirmation takes place before the President takes office. In his oath the President swears that I-

I will faithfully obey the presidency.

to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law and

I will continue to serve and welfare of India.

The oath of office is administered by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court or, in his absence, the senior most of the Supreme Court.

Powers of the President

The powers of the President have been discussed in various articles of the Constitution. The powers of the President are varied and extensive. For the convenience of understanding it can be divided into some sections –

  • administrative powers
  • military forces
  • diplomatic/diplomatic powers
  • legislative powers
  • financial powers
  • judicial powers
  • veto power
  • emergency powers
  • power to issue ordinance

List of Presidents of India

1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Office Term: 26 January 1950-13 May 1962

2. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Office Term: 13 May 1962-13 May 1967

3. Dr. Zakir Hussain

Office Term: 13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969

4. Varahagiri Venkata Giri (V V Giri)

Office Term: 3 May 1969 – 20 July 1969 and 24 August 1969 – 24 August 1974

5. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

Office Term: 24 August 1974-11 February 1977

6. Sri Nilam Sanjeeva Reddy

Office Term: 25 July 1977-25 July 1982

7. Giani Zail Singh

Office Term: 25 July 1982-25 July 1987

8. Mr. R. Venkataraman

Office Term: 25 July 1987-25 July 1992

9. Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma

Office Term: 25 July 1992-25 July 1997

10. Shri KR Narayanan

Office Term: 25 July 1997-25 July 2002

11. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Office Term: 25 July 2002-25 July 2007

12. Smt. Pratibhadevi Singh Patil

Office Term: 25 July 2007-25 July 2012

13. Shri Pranab Mukherjee

Office Term: 25 July 2012-25 July 2017

14. Shri Ramnath Kovind

Office Term: 25 July 2017-25 July 2022

15. smt.dropadi murmu

office term; 25 july 2022- Current

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